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Acacia demissa

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Acacia demissa R.S.Cowan & Maslin, Nuytsia 10: 25 (1995)

Ashburton Willow , Moondyne Tree

Weeping shrub or tree to 4 m high. Branchlets pendulous, slender, glabrous. Phyllodes pendulous, linear to linear-elliptic or narrowly elliptic, normally 6.5–15 cm long and 1.5–4 mm wide, acute to acuminate with a curved to uncinate apex, thinly coriaceous, slightly shiny, olive green, glabrous, with numerous obscure, closely parallel nerves, with marginal nerves commonly red or brown and (at least on young phyllodes) resinous. Inflorescences simple, 2 or 3 per axil; peduncles 2.5–4 mm long, normally glabrous; heads obloid to cylindrical, 8–23 mm long, subdensely flowered, golden; bracteoles spathulate. Flowers 5-merous, resinous; sepals united only basally, ciliolate. Pods oblong to narrowly oblong, to 10 cm long, 8–17 mm wide, thick and woody, commonly glabrous and slightly resinous; margins 2 mm wide, unwinged, yellowish. Seeds longitudinal, broadly elliptic to nearly circular, 6.5–9 mm long, dull, brown to black, minutely and irregularly pitted except areolar area; aril terminal, small.

Occurs in a restricted area inland from Shark Bay, bounded by Gifford Creek Stn (c. 270 km NE of Carnarvon), Byro Stn (c. 270 km SE of Carnarvon) and Belele Stn (c. 50 km NW of Meekatharra), W.A. Grows in a variety of habitats: low quartzite or granite hills, red-brown clay or loam on flats with Mulga, on floodplains or in clayey sand along seasonally dry streams.

Related to A. quadrimarginea which is normally readily distinguished by its non-pendulous branchlets, characteristically spreading phyllodes and prominently winged pods. The two species are sympatric on Cobra Stn and there is some indication that intermediates may occur between them (e.g. A.A.Mitchell 1174 , PERTH; B.R.Maslin 5022, 5208 & 5208a , all PERTH), fide R.S.Cowan & B.R.Maslin, Nuytsia 10: 27 (1995). Specimens from Koonmarra Stn have the shortest phyllodes known for the species.

Type of accepted name

Cobra Stn, 82.5 km N of Landor HS on track to Mt Augustus Stn, W.A., 8 May 1982, B.R.Maslin 5198 ; holo: PERTH; iso: CANB, G, K, NY.

Representative collections

W.A.: floodplain of Murchison R., near Beringarra, C.A.Gardner 14487 (PERTH); 41 km from Byro Stn on track to Milly Milly Stn, B.R.Maslin 5177 (BRI, NSW, PERTH); Cobra Stn, 78 km N of Landor HS on track to Mt Augustus Stn, B.R.Maslin 5194 (CANB, K, MEL, PERTH); Belele Stn, A.A.Mitchell 799 (PERTH); 20 km S of Koonmarra HS, A.A.Mitchell 1174 (MEL, PERTH).

(RSC & BRM)

WATTLE Acacias of Australia CD-ROM graphic

The information presented here originally appeared on the WATTLE CD-ROM which was jointly published by the Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra, and the Department of Parks and Wildlife, Perth; it was produced by CSIRO Publishing from where it is available for purchase. The WATTLE custodians are thanked for allowing us to post this information here.

Page last updated: Tuesday 11 September 2018