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Acacia binata

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Acacia binata Maslin, Nuytsia 2: 202; 201, fig. 1 & 216, fig. 6 (1978)

Glabrous shrub commonly 0.3–0.8 m high, dense and rounded when young, becoming open and obconic with age. Phyllodes subterete (i.e. slightly depressed) to planoconvex, often flattish when dry, usually 8–17 mm long, 1–1.5 mm wide, obtuse, fleshy, drying longitudinally sulcate, usually green, obscurely 3-nerved. Inflorescences 2-headed racemes; raceme axes 0.5–2 mm long; peduncles 6–15 mm long, sometimes recurved in fruit; basal bract ovate, c. 0.5 mm long; heads globular to slightly obloid, 3.5–5 mm diam., usually 10–20-flowered, golden. Flowers 5-merous; sepals free. Pods usually curved to openly and commonly irregularly 1 1/2-coiled, undulate, to 3.5 cm long, 3–3.5 mm wide, firmly chartaceous to thinly crustaceous, black. Seeds longitudinal to slightly oblique, oblong-elliptic to ovate, 2.5–3 mm long, usually grey to grey-brown; aril 2/3 length of seed.

Occurs from near Ongerup E to Mt Beaumont (c. 90 km NE of Esperance), south-western W.A. A variant from the Lake King- Frank Hann Natl Park area is discussed below. Grows in loam and clay in open scrub, tall shrubland and tall open shrubland.

A variant from the Lake King- Frank Hann Natl Park area probably deserves infraspecific recognition (e.g. 32 km E of Lake King, R.Hnatiuk 760791 , PERTH). It differs most obviously in having 6–8-flowered heads, oblong rather than linear-spathulate sepals 0.2–0.4 mm long (1/4- 1/6 or less the length of petals) rather than 0.5–0.8 mm (1/2 petal length), pods to 1.5 cm long, straight, mid-brown and lightly pruinose when young and black seeds. The phyllodes are 7–12 mm long and judging from dried specimens are sometimes glaucous and branchlet extremities lightly pruinose.

Closely allied to A. diaphyllodinea and A. crassuloides which have a very short raceme axis or absent altogether, a much longer, cucullate or rostriform basal peduncular bract and obliquely arranged, differently coloured seeds. Narrow phyllode forms of A. leptospermoides subsp. leptospermoides , which appear similar, have connate stipules, simple inflorescences and narrower, non-black pods. (For description and references concerning diaphyllodes, see discussion under A. diaphyllodinea ). Sometimes sympatric with and superficially resembling A. ophiolithica .

Type of accepted name

About 12 km due NNW of Ongerup (on Foster Rd), W.A., 31 Aug. 1973, B.R.Maslin 3490 ; holo: PERTH; iso: CANB, K, MEL, NSW, NY, P.

Illustrations

B.R.Maslin, op. cit. 201, fig. 1.

Representative collections

W.A.: Floater Rd, c. 8 km N of Ravensthorpe township, B.R.Maslin 4770 (AD, MEL, MO, PERTH); c. 1 km due NW of Mt Ney, B.R.Maslin 5818 (PERTH); 5 km E of Ravensthorpe, P.G.Wilson 5532 (AD, BRI, K, MEL, PERTH).

(BRM)

WATTLE Acacias of Australia CD-ROM graphic

The information presented here originally appeared on the WATTLE CD-ROM which was jointly published by the Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra, and the Department of Parks and Wildlife, Perth; it was produced by CSIRO Publishing from where it is available for purchase. The WATTLE custodians are thanked for allowing us to post this information here.

Page last updated: Tuesday 11 September 2018