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Acacia xanthina

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Acacia xanthina Benth., London J. Bot . 1: 355 (1842)

Dense shrub or tree to 4 m high. Trunks often pruinose. Branchlets pruinose, glabrous. Phyllodes usually narrowly elliptic, usually 6–10 cm long, 6–20 mm wide, l:w = 3–15, acute and uncinate, thin, glaucous, glabrous, usually 2-nerved with adaxial nerve less pronounced than midrib; lateral nerves obscure; gland 2–5 mm above pulvinus, also at base of mucro. Inflorescences 3–9-headed racemes; raceme axes 2–7 cm long, robust, glabrous; peduncles 5–12 mm long, robust, glabrous; heads globular, 7–10 mm diam., to 12 mm when fresh, subdense, 18–20-flowered, golden. Flowers 5-merous; sepals united into a truncate calyx. Pods erect, submoniliform, to 11 cm long, 5–7 mm wide, firmly crustaceous, glabrous. Seeds longitudinal, oblong-elliptic, 5 mm long, dull, black; aril cream but drying yellow-brown.

Coastal and near coastal areas from S of Kalbarri S to Fremantle and inland between Mingenew and Three Springs, W.A. Grows in sand over limestone in scrub, thicket, mallee, woodland or low forest.

Specimens from near Kalbarri are atypical in their linear-elliptic, consistently 1-nerved phyllodes to 13 cm long.

A member of the ‘ A. bivenosa group’ most readily recognised by its pruinose branchlets, cream arils and long, broad phyllodes with usually 2 longitudinal nerves on each face (the adaxial one is the less pronounced and is occasionally absent), fide A.R.Chapman & B.R.Maslin, Nuytsia 8: 280 (1992). Closely related to and commonly parapatric with A. rostellifera which occurs on coastal sand dunes whereas A. xanthina occurs on adjacent inland limestone ridges; A. rostellifera is distinguished by its scurfy, non-pruinose branchlets, red or orange aril and normally larger flower-head diameter. Near Jurien Bay the habitat specificity between A. xanthina and A. rostellifera breaks down in disturbed sites along road verges and the two species apparently hybridise. May resemble broad, glaucous phyllode forms of A. blakelyi which has horizontally flattened phyllodes with the gland situated on the adaxial surface (not the adaxial margin as in A. xanthina ). Also related to A. didyma .

Type of accepted name

Swan R., W.A., J.Drummond 102 ; holo: K.

Synonymy

[ Acacia bivenosa auct. non DC: G.Bentham, Fl. Austral . 2: 381 (1864), as to Drummond 1: 283 (BM, K, OXF, P) and Preiss 928 (FI, GOET, HBG, K, LUND, MEL, MO, NY, P, STR)]

Illustrations

A.R.Chapman & B.R.Maslin, Nuytsia 8: 250, fig. 1(c) & 271, fig. 5D (1992).

Representative collections

W.A.: just N of Geraldton, A.M.Ashby 4629 (CANB, K, PERTH); Three Springs- Mingenew, J.S.Beard 1963 (PERTH); 20.6 km S of Kalbarri on track past coastal gorges, R.Cumming 1751 (PERTH); Leeman, E.A.Griffin 577 (CANB, MEL, PERTH); Reabold Hill, Perth Metropolitan Area, B.R.Maslin 2305 (PERTH).

(ARC & BRM)

WATTLE Acacias of Australia CD-ROM graphic

The information presented here originally appeared on the WATTLE CD-ROM which was jointly published by the Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra, and the Department of Parks and Wildlife, Perth; it was produced by CSIRO Publishing from where it is available for purchase. The WATTLE custodians are thanked for allowing us to post this information here.

Page last updated: Tuesday 11 September 2018