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Name Status. Accepted Name
Classification. This species contains 9 infraspecific taxa ( subsp. adstringens, subsp. cupressiformis, subsp. hemispherica, subsp. indica, subsp. kraussiana, subsp. leiocarpa, subsp. nilotica, subsp. subalata, subsp. tomentosa)

DISTRIBUTION

AFRICA [N]: Algeria, Angola, Botswana, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gambia The, Ghana, Guinea-Brissau, Kenya, Libya, Malawi, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe. ARABIAN PENINSULA [N]: North Yemen, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, South Yemen. AUSTRALIA [Nl]: Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia. CARIBBEAN [I]: Antigua-Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Montserrat, Puerto Rico, St Barthelemy, St Lucia, St Martin. CENTRAL AMERICA [I]: Mexico. EAST ASIA: China (Hainan [U], Guangdong [U], Yunnan [U], Province unspecified [C]), Taiwan [U]. INDIAN OCEAN [I]: Madagascar, Mauritius, Rodrigues. INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh [N], India [N] (West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Bihar, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Dadra-Nagar-Haveli, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Goa, Haryana, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Sikkim, Tripura, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Delhi, Gujarat, Karnataka, Punjab), Nepal [N], Pakistan [N], Sri Lanka [I]. NORTH AMERICA [I] (California, Florida). SOUTH AMERICA [I]: Argentina, Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru. SOUTHEAST ASIA: Andaman Islands [I], Indonesia [I] (West Timor), Myanmar [N], Thailand [U], Vietnam [I]. WEST ASIA [N]: Iran, Iraq, Israel, Syria. Notes: Senegalia (Acacia) nilotica is widespread in tropical and subtropical Africa and Asia, extending as far eastwards as India (Ross 1979: 106).
Abbreviations: [N - Native, I - Introduced, C - Cultivated, U - Uncertain, Nl - Naturalised].

FURTHER INFORMATION.

  • Duke (1983) - Handbook of Energy Crops (unpublished) - Description, uses and much more.
  • Wickens (1995) - Role of Acacia species in the rural economy of dry Africa and the Near East (FAO Conservation Guide 27)
  • Le Houerou - Description, ecology, uses and much more.
  • FloraBase - Short description, distribution map from WA Herbarium specimens and often photos are provided for Western Australian taxa
  • Kew - Species profile presented on herb. Kew website - Described under the name Acacia nilotica, but noted in text that Vachellia nilotica is the correct name under present Code of Botanical Nomenclature.
  • Seigler et al. (2015) - Taxonomic treatment (unpublished) produced by D. Seigler and colleagues and generously made available to WorldWideWattle in 2015

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Notes: Under Acacia nilotica

Source: Ross (1979)

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Notes: Under Acacia nilotica (subsp. indica is also Introduced in this country, see Ross 1979: 107)

Source: Ross (1979)

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Notes: Under Acacia nilotica

Source: Ross (1979)

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Notes: Under Acacia nilotica

Source: Lock (1989: 72)

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Notes: Under Acacia nilotica

Source: Lock (1989: 72)

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Source: Ross 1979: 106, as Acacia nilitica subsp. nilotica); Hurter & Mabberley (2008)

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Notes: Under Acacia nilotica (subsp. indica is also Introduced in this country , see Ross 1979: 107)

Source: Brenan (1970)

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Notes: Under Acacia nilotica

Source: Ross (1979)

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Notes: Under Acacia nilotica

Source: Keay (1958)

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Notes: Under Acacia nilotica

Source: Keay (1958)

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Source: Ross (1979: 108, as Acacia nilotica subsp. leiocarpa); Kyalangalilwa et al. (2013: 515)

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Notes: Under Acacia nilotica

Source: Ross (1979)

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Notes: Under Acacia nilotica

Source: Ross (1979)

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Notes: Under Acacia nilotica

Source: Ross (1979)

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Notes: Under Acacia nilotica

Source: Lock (1989: 72)

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Notes: Under Acacia nilotica

Source: Keay (1958)

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Notes: Under Acacia nilotica

Source: Ross (1979)

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Notes: Under Acacia nilotica

Source: Ross (1979)

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Source: Ross (1979: 108, as Acacia nilotica subsp. kraussiana); Kyalangalilwa et al. (2013: 515)

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Notes: Under Acacia nilotica

Source: Ross (1979)

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Notes: Under Acacia nilotica (subsp. indica is also Introduced in this country, see Ross 1979: 107)

Source: Ross (1979)

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Notes: Under Acacia nilotica

Source: Ross (1979)

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Notes: Under Acacia nilotica

Source: Ross (1979)

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Notes: Under Acacia nilotica

Source: Brenan (1970)

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Notes: Under Acacia nilotica

Source: Ross (1979)

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Notes: Under Acacia nilotica

Source: Lock & Simpson (1991: 12)

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Notes: Under Acacia nilotica

Source: Lock & Simpson (1991: 12)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. indica

Source: Lock & Simpson (1991: 12)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. tomentosa (but not recorded under this name for this country by Roskov 2005)

Source: Lock & Simpson (1991: 12)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. nilotica (treated as Introduced in this country by Roskov 2005)

Source: Lock & Simpson (1991: 12)

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Notes: As Acacia subsp. indica

Source: Fl. Australia 11A: 204 (2001)

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Notes: As Acacia subsp. indica

Source: Fl. Australia 11A: 204 (2001)

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Notes: As Acacia subsp. indica

Source: Fl. Australia 11A: 204 (2001)

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Source: WorldWideWattle

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica

Source: Rico Arce (2007: 132)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica

Source: Rico Arce (2007: 132)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica

Source: Rico Arce (2007: 132)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica

Source: Rico Arce (2007: 132)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica

Source: Rico Arce (2007: 132)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica

Source: Rico Arce (2007: 132)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica

Source: Rico Arce (2007: 132)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica

Source: Rico Arce (2007: 132)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica

Source: Rico Arce (2007: 132)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica

Source: Rico Arce (2007: 132)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica

Source: Rico Arce (2007: 132)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica

Source: Rico Arce (2007: 132)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica

Source: Rico Arce (2007: 132)

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Notes: Recorded for this area by Huang (1985) but not verified by voucher specimen (BRM, 8/2018)

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Notes: Recorded for this area by Huang (1985) but not verified by voucher specimen (BRM, 8/2018)

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Notes: Recorded for this area by Wu et al. (1988) but not verified by voucher specimen (BRM, 8/2018)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica; rarely cultivated in China

Source: Wu & Nielsen (2010: 55)

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Notes: Recorded for this area by Huang (1985) but not verified by voucher specimen (BRM, 8/2018)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. subulata

Source: Du Puy & Villiers (2002: 236), as Acacia nilotica

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Notes: Under Acacia nilotica

Source: Polhill (1990)

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Notes: Under Acacia nilotica

Source: Polhill (1990)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. indica (fide ILDIS 2005 which cites the following source reference)

Source: Khatun (1987)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. indica (fide ILDIS 2005 which cites the following source reference)

Source: Benthall (1946)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. indica (fide ILDIS 2005 which cites the following source reference)

Source: Chowdhery & Wadhwa (1984)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. indica (fide ILDIS 2005 which cites the following source reference)

Source: Clarke (1889), as Acacia nilotica var. indica

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. indica (fide ILDIS 2005 which cites the following source reference)

Source: Haines (1908)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. indica (fide ILDIS 2005 which cites the following source reference)

Source: Haines (1922)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. indica (fide ILDIS 2005 which cites the following source reference)

Source: Nair & Henry (1983)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. indica (fide ILDIS 2005 which cites the following source reference)

Source: Rao (1985)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. indica (fide ILDIS 2005 which cites the following source reference)

Source: Sanjappa (2000)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. indica (fide ILDIS 2005 which cites the following source reference)

Source: Sanjappa (2000)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. indica (fide ILDIS 2005 which cites the following source reference)

Source: Sanjappa (2000)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. indica (fide ILDIS 2005 which cites the following source reference)

Source: Sanjappa (2000)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. indica (fide ILDIS 2005 which cites the following source reference)

Source: Sanjappa (2000)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. indica (fide ILDIS 2005 which cites the following source reference)

Source: Sanjappa (2000)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. indica (fide ILDIS 2005 which cites the following source reference)

Source: Sanjappa (2000)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. indica (fide ILDIS 2005 which cites the following source reference)

Source: Sanjappa (2000)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. indica (fide ILDIS 2005 which cites the following source reference)

Source: Sanjappa (2000)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. indica (fide ILDIS 2005 which cites the following source reference)

Source: Sanjappa (2000)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. indica (fide ILDIS 2005 which cites the following source reference)

Source: Sanjappa (2000)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. cupressiformis

Source: Chakrabarty & Gangopadhyay (1996: 620)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. cupressiformis (by Chakrabarty & Gangopadhyay 1996) & subsp. kraussiana (by Bala et al. 2017), but the second probably an error for subsp. adstringens

Source: Chakrabarty & Gangopadhyay (1996: 620) & Bala et al. (2017)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. cupressiformis (fide ILDIS 2005 which cites the following source reference)

Source: Kanjilal (1966)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. cupressiformis (fide ILDIS 2005 which cites the following source reference)

Source: Samvatsar (1996)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. cupressiformis

Source: Sanjappa (1992: 42)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. cupressiformis

Source: Sanjappa (1992: 42)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. cupressiformis (by Sanjappa 1992) & subsp. kraussiana (by Bala et al. 2017), but the second probably an error for subsp. adstringens

Source: Sanjappa (1992: 42) & Bala (2017)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. cupressiformis

Source: Sanjappa (1992: 42)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. cupressiformis

Source: Sanjappa (1992: 42)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica subsp. indica (fide ILDIS 2005 which cites the following source reference)

Source: Shrestha (1998)

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Source: Ali (2014: 2); Ragupathy et al. (2014: 177)

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Source: Kostermans (1980: 488)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica

Source: Isely (1998)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica

Source: Isely (1998)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica

Source: Rico Arce (2007: 133)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica

Source: Rico Arce (2007: 133)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica

Source: Rico Arce (2007: 133)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica

Source: Rico Arce (2007: 133)

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Source: Lakshminarasimhan (1999: 444, as Acacia nilotica subsp. indica); Maslin (2015: 248)

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Notes: Record based on A.A. Mitchell 5197, probably collected in Indonesian Timor (Ian Cowie, pers. comm.)

Source: WorldWideWattle

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Notes: As Acacia arabica

Source: Yi (1971: 34)

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Notes: Included (under Acacia) in key to Thailand species by Nielsen (1985a), but not verified by voucher specimen (BRM, 8/2018)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica

Source: Khoi (2003)

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Notes: Under Acacia nilotica

Source: Lock & Simpson (1991: 12)

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Notes: Under Acacia nilotica

Source: Lock & Simpson (1991: 12)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica

Source: Lock & Simpson (1991: 12)

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Notes: As Acacia nilotica

Source: Lock & Simpson (1991: 12)

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Page last updated: Tuesday 11 September 2018