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Acacia dodonaeifolia

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Acacia dodonaeifolia (Pers.) Balb. (as ‘dodoneaefolia’), Cat. Pl. 1813 edn, 7 (1813)

Sticky Wattle , Hop-leaved Wattle

Viscid, glabrous shrub or tree 2–6 m high. Branchlets vernicose when young; ribs minutely tuberculate. Phyllodes normally narrowly elliptic, straight to shallowly incurved, 4–8 cm long, 5–10 mm wide, obscurely punctate, slightly roughened, often sparsely tuberculate, glabrous; midrib prominent; lateral nerves obscure, oblique, frequently coalescing distally to form an almost continuous intra-marginal nerve; glands 2–3, lowermost 0–5 mm above pulvinus, the others often slightly raised. Inflorescences simple and 2 per axil or 2-headed racemes with axes to 5 mm long; peduncles 7–16 mm long; basal bract persistent; heads globular, 36–46-flowered, bright yellow. Flowers 5-merous; sepals united. Pods linear, to 13 cm long, 5–7 mm wide, thinly coriaceous, light brown. Seeds longitudinal, oblong-elliptic, 4.3–5 mm long, shiny, dark brown; aril folded at end of seed.

Scattered, mainly in near-coastal areas, from Eyre Penin. E to Naracoorte and Keith, S.A. According to T.J.Entwistle et al. , in N.G.Walsh & T.J.Entwistle (eds), Fl. Victoria 3: 626 (1996), the species is naturalised and spreading in western Vic. and it is not possible to ascertain with certainty whether the records from earlier this century are plantings or naturalised. Usually grows in sand or loam, in eucalypt woodland and open forest.

This species is a member of the A. verniciflua complex and allied to A. leprosa which is distinguished by its non-tuberculate branchlet ribs, solitary basal gland, smoother phyllodes with obvious shallow resinous pits and commonly puberulous peduncles.

Possible natural hybrids between A. dodonaeifolia and A. paradoxa are recorded from the Eyre Penin., S.A., by D.J.E Whibley & D.E.Symon, Acacias S. Australia 2nd edn, 58 (1992); see also A. paradoxa . In WATTLE this putative hybrid is keyed and described separately, as A. dodonaeifolia x paradoxa .

Type of accepted name

Cultivated, Paris botanic garden; n.v.

Synonymy

Mimosa dodonaeifolia Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 261 (1806); Acacia dodonaeifolia (Pers.) DC., Prodr . 2: 450 (1825). Type: as for accepted name.

Acacia dodonaeifolia Willd. ex Spreng. (as ‘dodonaeafolia’), Pl. Min. Cogn. Pug. 2: 92 (1815); C.L. von Willdenow, Enum. Pl. Suppl. 68 (1813); Phyllodoce dodonaeifolia (Willd. ex Spreng.) Link, Handbuch 2: 133 (1831). Type: ‘Habitat in nova Hollandia [Australia]’; n.v.

Acacia viscosa Schrad. ex H.L.Wendl., Comm. Acac. Aphyll . 4, 30, t. 7 (1820). Type: cultivated at Herrenhausen botanic garden, near Hanover; holo: GOET.

Acacia visciflua F.Muell., Pl. Victoria 2: 24 (1863), nom. inval. (provisional name, not effectively published, fide A.B.Court et al ., Nutysia 9: 315- 318 (1994); F.J.H.von Mueller, J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 3: 131 (1859), as A. dodonaeifolia. Type: Boston Point [near Port Lincoln], S.A., C.Wilhelm ; ?syn: MEL30222; ?iso: NSW 178703 (sphalm. ‘Victoria’); Spencers Gulf, S.A., C.Wilhelm ; ?syn: MEL30222; ?iso: NSW 178703 (sphalm. ‘Victoria’).

Illustrations

L.F.Costermans, Native Trees & Shrubs SE Australia 312 (1981); T.Tame, Acacias SE Australia 110, fig. 108, pl. 108 (1992); M.Simmons, Acacias Australia 2: 103 (1988); D.J.E.Whibley & D.E.Symon, Acacias S. Australia 2nd edn, 83 (1992).

Representative collections

S.A.: Marble Ra., c. 50 km SW of Port Lincoln, C.R.Alcock 3451 (AD, GZU);  Goolwa, c. 65 km SSE of Adelaide, N.Gemmell 12 (AD); Keith, R.L.Specht 1578 (AD).

(BRM)

WATTLE Acacias of Australia CD-ROM graphic

The information presented here originally appeared on the WATTLE CD-ROM which was jointly published by the Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra, and the Department of Parks and Wildlife, Perth; it was produced by CSIRO Publishing from where it is available for purchase. The WATTLE custodians are thanked for allowing us to post this information here.

Page last updated: Tuesday 11 September 2018